英语一般过去时语法知识讲解

莉莎 2019-10-16 11:10:55
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  一般过去时表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为;过去主语所具备的能力和性格。下面小编给大家分享了有关一般过去时的英语语法知识,一起来看看吧!

  一般过去时的结构

  一、构成方法

  一般过去时用动词的过去式构成,即在动词原形后加ed。

  二、用法说明

  1、表示在过去某个时间所发生的动作或所处的状态。常与yesterday, last week, in 1989, just now, a moment ago, the other day等连用。如:

  He was here just now. 他刚才还在这里。

  What did you do yesterday? 你昨天做了什么事?

  2、在过去一段时间内的经常性或习惯性动作。如:

  We often played together when we were children. 我们小时候常在一起玩。

  注:表示过去经常发生的动作还可用used to 和would。如:

  He used to smoke a lot, but he doesn't now. 他过去经常抽烟,但现在不抽了。

  Whenever we were in trouble, he would help us. 每当我们遇到困难,他都会帮助我们。

  3、表示主语过去的特征或性格。如:

  At that time she was very good at English. 那时她英语学得很好。

  4、用在状语从句中表示过去将来。如:

  He said he would wait until they came back.

  5、一般过去时有时可以表示现在,多与 want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等动词连用,使语气更委婉。如:

  I wondered if you could help me. 不知你能不能帮我一下。

  6、有时用一般过去时也是时态一致的需要。如:

  I didn't know you were here. 没想到你在这里。

  注意:

  1. 表示一系列的动作,尽管有先后,都用一般过去时,最后两个动词之间用and连结。如:

  He opened the door, rushed out and then disappeared. 他打开门,冲了出去,然后就消失了。

  2. 注意在语境中理解“我刚才/原来还不……”。如:

  —Your phone number again? I didn't quite catch it. —It's 2566666. 请再说一次你的电话号码,好吗?我刚才没听清楚。是2566666。

  一般过去时的用法

  1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。

  时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。

  Where did you go just now?

  2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。

  When I was a child, I often played football in the street.

  Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome.

  3)句型:

  It is time for sb. to do sth  "到……时间了"  "该……了"

  It is time sb. did sth. "时间已迟了"  "早该……了"

  It is time for you to go to bed.  你该睡觉了。

  It is time you went to bed.   你早该睡觉了。

  would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示'宁愿某人做某事'

  I'd rather you came tomorrow.

  4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询问、请求、建议等。

  I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。

  比较:

  一般过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在。

  Christine was an invalid all her life.

  (含义:她已不在人间。)

  Christine has been an invalid all her life.

  (含义:她现在还活着)

  Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years.

  (含义:达比太太已不再住在肯塔基州。)

  Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years.

  ( 含义:现在还住在肯塔基州,有可能指刚离去)

  注意: 用过去时表示现在,表示委婉语气。

  1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。

  Did you want anything else?

  I wondered if you could help me.

  2)情态动词 could, would.

  Could you lend me your bike?

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