1. 答第I 卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
1. When does the park close today?
A. At 6:30 B. At 6:00 C. At 5:30
2. Which hotel will the speakers go to this year?
A. The one in the woods. B. The one on top of the hill. C. The one next to the river.
3. Why is the woman upset?
A.There is too much noise from the construction.
B. Her project is behind schedule.
C.She can’t move into a new office.
4. What is the woman concerned about when buying a desk?
A. The size. B. The price. C. The brand.
5. Where are the two speakers?
A. In a library. B. In a gallery. C. By the sea.
6. Why can’t the man help the woman?
A. He is quite busy. B. He isn’t happy. C. He is having a break.
7. What will the woman do?
A.Do a report. B. Have lunch. C. Meet Alan.
8. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Father and daughter. B. Brother and sister. C. Classmates.
9. Why did the woman say sorry to the man?
A. She lost his notebook computer.
B. She went to Jane’s house without telling him.
C. She took his notebook computer without permission.
10. Why does the man think the price of the flat is too high?
A. Some repairs must be done. B. The neighbors are too noisy.
C. The position is not good.
11. What does the woman say about the flat?
A. It is convenient. B. It is popular. C. It is cheap.
12. What will the man do this afternoon?
A. Visit a dentist. B. Meet the woman. C. See another flat.
13. Why did the woman join in the Healthy Living Day?
A. To try something different. B. To make new friends.
C. To do more exercise.
14. How did the woman feel at the end of the Healthy Living Day?
A. Tired. B. Sick. C. Thirsty.
15. When is the next Healthy Living Day?
A. July 5th. B. May 28th. C. April 14th.
16. Which sport has the woman chosen for the next Healthy Living Day?
A. Boating. B. Cycling. C. Skateboarding.
17. What was the speaker’s first job?
A. A travel agent. B. A bank clerk. C. A secretary.
18. What did the speaker do in the first year of her college courses?
A. She worked in a large clothes shop. B. She studied the history of design.
C. She learnt to make clothes.
19. Why did the speaker like the final show?
A. All the college students worked together. B. She met well-known people in the field.
C. Her parents saw her work.
20. What is the speaker’s aim?
A. To start a children’s clothes business. B. To get to the top of her profession.
C. To become very rich.
China now has 52 sites included on the UNESCO World Heritage list, which was established to safeguard unique and irreplaceable cultural and natural sites around the world. Let’s have a look at some of them, which may give you some clues on your next travel plan.
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor is located in Lintong county, near Xi’an city, capital of Shaanxi province. A total of 8,000 life-size terracotta warriors, chariots and horses, and hundreds of bronze weapons have been unearthed from it. Many state leaders and experts worldwide believe that the discovery of the mausoleum is a major archeological find and can be called the eighth wonder of the world, paralleling Egypt’s pyramids.
Kulangsu, a Historic International Settlement
Gulangyu Island, known in the local dialect as Kulangsu, is located on the entry of the Jiulong River, facing the city of Xiamen. The island was occupied by at least a dozen countries, including Great Britain, France and Japan. As a result, Western culture grew rapidly there in the 19th century, especially music. With such a harmonious blend of Western music and Eastern culture, Gulangyu is naturally referred to as the “island of music”. It is famous for its outstanding musicians and musical instruments.
Qinghai Hoh Xil
Hoh Xil, which means “beautiful girl” in Mongolian, is located in the north-eastern end of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Hoh Xil National Nature Reserve is China’s largest and the world’s third largest uninhabited area. Because of the high altitude and fierce weather, it is impossible for people to live there, and therefore, it is a paradise for wildlife and home to more than 230 species of wild animals including endangered species such as the Tibetan antelope, which is recognized as the National Class I Protected animal.
Huangshan, known as “the loveliest mountain of China”, lies in the south of Anhui province in eastern China. The scenic area covers 154 sq km, and is famous for its peaks, rocks, pines, clouds and springs. It also has a rich cultural heritage. Xu Xiake, a famous traveler of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), visited Huangshan twice, and described it in a poem, calling it the best of all mountains in China. Today it holds the same fascination for visitors, poets, painters and photographers.
21. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?
A. Qinghai Hoh Xil is the largest uninhabited area in the world.
B. Kulangsu was occupied for not less than a dozen years.
C. Mausoleum is located in the capital city of Shaanxi province.
D. Huangshan Mountain is well known for its magnificent scenery.
22. Why is Qinghai Hoh Xil a paradise for wildlife living there?
A. Because endangered species are well protected there.
B. Because it is large in size with beautiful scenery.
C. Because it is located on Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.
D. Because tough weather and environment make no people live there.
23. Where does the passage most probably come from?
A. A travel guidebook B. An entertainment magazine
C. A science fiction D. A history textbook
On the morning of May 20, 1927, Charles A. Lindbergh Jr. took off from a muddy airfield in New York and headed for Paris. During the first fourteen hours of flying, he had had some anxious moments. Sleet had gathered on the wings of the plane and the fog was so thick that he could hardly see the tips of the wings. However, he had come across equally dangerous flying conditions before. Of course, now that he was over the ocean, his parachute(降落伞)was useless. He had only one choice: he had to go on.
Although he had waited a long time to make this trip, he did not feel strange or nervous. He was accustomed to flying alone, and he had flown this route in his imagination many times. The idea of flying across the Atlantic had occurred to him one night when he had been carrying the mail between St. Louis and Chicago. That night, he told himself that a solo non-stop flight between New York and Paris was possible. He knew that airplanes capable of making the long flight over the ocean could be built. A man of skill and endurance could make his dream come true.
As he was recalling that night, he reduced the altitude of the plane. Close to the surface of the ocean, he found that the ice on the wings began to melt and the fog disappeared. For the time being, at least, he was safe. The steady sound of the motor seemed like music in his ears. He had perfect confidence in his plane because he knew that there was not a more dependable plane than his. The Ryan Aircraft Company had constructed the plane to meet his special needs. He had worked with the chief engineer of the company, Donald Hall, to produce the airplane as rapidly as possible. Although Hall had worked with the basic design of the Ryan airplane, he had had to make many modifications. As a result, it was a very special airplane. He had named it “The Spirit of St. Louis,” in honour of the St. Louis businessmen whose financial backing had made the trip possible. Besides their money, he had invested all of his own savings, which came to two thousand dollars, in the venture.
At 12 :10 on the afternoon of May 21, Lindbergh caught sight of the coast of Ireland. Now that the flight was almost over, he began to relax a little. Finally, after thirty-four hours in the air without sleep, he arrived at Le Bourget Field, in Paris.
24. According to Paragraph 2, Lindbergh Jr. didn’t feel nervous about the flight because of the following reasons EXCEPT that _________.
A. he was used to flying alone B. he had waited a long time for the trip
C. he had imagined flying the route many times D. his plane was specially designed
25. What can we infer from Paragraph 3?
A. The pilot listened to music as he reduced the altitude of the plane.
B. The trip was made possible thanks to the financial support from some businessmen.
C. The plane got its name in memory of a non-stop trip.
D. The chief engineer designed the airplane independently to meet the pilot’s needs.
26. What does the underlined word in Paragraph 3 mean?
A. beautiful decorations B. regular repairs
C. small changes D. careful arrangements
27. Which of the following would be the best title?
A. Wings Across the Atlantic
B. A Solo Non-stop Flight of 24 Hours
C. The Spirit of St. Louis
D. An Outstanding Pilot—Charles A. Lindbergh Jr.
The discussion on renewable energy has been going on for at least a decade and people have relied on fossil fuels almost entirely for more than a century. However, the situation when fossil fuels were the most efficient and the cheapest source of energy has been left far in the past. Many countries such as Germany and Sweden have already made significant efforts to fix this situation, employing numerous power plants working on the renewable resources of energy. The most effective among these resources is geothermal(地热的)energy.
Geothermal energy does not depend on the world’s economic and political situation as strongly as fossil fuels do. Besides, extracting(提炼)fossil fuels adds to the price of energy produced from them. Therefore, geothermal energy is much cheaper than traditional ones, saving up to 80% of the costs over fossil fuels.
Being a renewable resource, geothermal energy produces less waste and pollution than traditional energy sources. In geothermal systems, carbon dioxide makes up about 10% of air produced. Overall, in order to produce the electricity that can be used for one hour, the geothermal systems produce 0.1 pound of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases. For a comparison, a power plant producing from gas produces up to 2 pounds of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, and those power plants that work on coal(煤)produce an astonishing 3.6 pounds of greenhouse gases.
Low costs is another reason why using geothermal power plants should be the first choice for many countries. Geothermal heat systems require 25% to 50% less energy for work compared with the traditional systems for heating or cooling. Besides, geothermal equipment is less big: due to the very nature of geothermal energy, geothermal power plants have only a few moving parts, all of which can be easily sheltered inside a relatively small building. What’s more, the life span of geothermal equipment is rather long. All these make geothermal power stations easy to build and keep.
28. Fossil fuels are more expensive than geothermal energy partly because _______.
A. it is free to use geothermal energy
B. the production of fossil fuels costs a lot
C. fossil fuels are nearly used up
D. geothermal energy doesn’t depend on political situation
29. According to Paragraph 3, what can be concluded from the comparison?
A. Geothermal energy is environmentally friendly.
B. Gas and coal are often used to produce electricity.
C. Coal is much more efficient than gas.
D. The geothermal systems don’t produce harmful gases.
30. Geothermal equipment is usually not as big as that of traditional energy because of______.
A. the life span of geothermal equipment B. geothermal power plants
C. the nature of geothermal energy D. the small buildings
31. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Many countries have benefited from geothermal energy.
B. Geothermal energy is well accepted.
C. Fossil fuels are being run out of.
D. Geothermal energy has many advantages.
One evening, author Neil’s son was angry. Neil had said one of those things that parents say, like “isn’t it time you were in bed.” His son looked up at him, angry and said, “I wish I didn’t have a dad! I wish I had … a goldfish!” That conversation gave birth to Neil’s book, “The Day I Swapped My Dad for Two Goldfish”. The book is a funny adventure of a son searching for the dad he swapped.
Whether they realize it or not, fathers play an important role in their children’s development. Roland Warren, Director of the National Fatherhood Initiative, says that, “The shape of their dads has a role in the kids’ soul.” I agree. We live in the best of times and the worst of times for fatherhood. We live in the best of times because fathers who are engaged in their child’s life spend more time than fathers of any previous generation. We live in the worst of times because there are still millions of children who continue to miss the regular presence of Dad.
What difference does a dad make? Are they really that important? For the most part, studies have proved clearly that fathers, whether they live with their children or not, matter in the lives of their children. When fathers are present, they provide economic support for their children and caregiving responsibilities. Well-fathered children are shown to be more emotionally intelligent and socially successful as adults. When fathers are absent, their absence may negatively influence children’s academic achievement, general behavioural adjustment and anger management, especially in males.
Yet just being physically present isn’t enough to be a great father. It is important that a dad be warm and emotionally available to his child. Author and researcher, John Gottman, describes this kind of father as an “emotion coaching father”. Emotion coaches are parents who listen to their children’s feelings, see the sharing of feelings as an opportunity for intimacy(亲密). It is not just the mere presence of fathers that matters, but how they are present. Most children long for and need a loving, devoted and responsible father.
32. The author introduces his topic by ______.
A. presenting the results of studies B. telling a story
C. making a comparison D. interviewing some experts
33. What does the author mean in Paragraph 2 by saying “We live in the worst of times … ”?
A. Today’s fathers don’t care about their children’s emotions.
B. Lots of children’s fathers have to work every day.
C. Lots of children’s fathers are absent from their lives.
D. Today’s fathers don’t have care giving responsibilities.
34. According to the text, a well-fathered child is more likely to _______.
A. lose control of anger B. obtain high academic achievement
C. have low emotional intelligence D. have good social skills
35. We can learn from the text that an “emotion coaching father” is a father who ______.
A. gives economic support to his child B. shares his child’s emotions
C. tries to change his child’s emotions D. is always available to his child
There are some people who seem to always be surrounded by friends, and there are others who always seem to be standing on the outside, looking in at the crowds of friends. If you are one of the outsiders, it is time to break out of your shell and start making new friends. __ 36__
1. Be yourself. Nobody likes a phony(虚伪的人). In fact, if you aren’t yourself, others won’t become friends with you. When the time comes that you feel comfortable enough to act like yourself again, you may not be well received, because you are a totally different person. __37__
2. Use technology. __38__ For instance, Weibo is a great place to meet new people. It creates experiences and you get to meet like-minded people who share your interests.
3. Start with people you know. Reach out and contact new friends, and reconnect with old friends you haven’t seen in a long time. Don’t forget about friends of friends. You may connect with some really cool people just by hanging out with your friends and their friends. __39__ If you stay home, you aren’t going to meet people.
4. Keep in touch. __40__ With the Internet and social media, there is absolutely no need to worry about that these days. Look up old friends and contact them.
A. There are all kinds of online groups that you can join.
B. Knowing others well is very important.
C. Therefore, let people get to know the real you.
D. If you are invited to go out, go.
E. All too often, people lose touch with one another.
F. Here are some tips that will help.
G. You need to trust yourself, whatever happens.
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、 B 、C 、D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
My most rewarding experience throughout the past two years was volunteering at the swimming competition for Special Olympics where a disabled friend of my community took part. This had special __41__ for me because experiencing it helped improve my leadership skills, develop my character, and support my community.
Firstly, my __42__ skills developed when I independently directed each swimmer where to __43__ at the platform and __44__ each competitor when they needed to swim. I had to make sure that the swimmers were __45__ and ready to perform. This kept me on my feet at all times and __46__ of each event’s time and location. I learned each swimmer’s name, __47__ many of them swam in more than one event.
Secondly, my __48__ was greatly influenced. When I saw the swimmers get their awards for winning each swimming event, I was deeply moved. I was __49__ that most swimmers could swim better than I. Their __50__ attitudes astonished me, whether they won or lost. This also enlarged my view, offering me the opportunity to __51__ people I would normally not run into. I went out of my __52__ zone and did whatever was needed to be done, even if it was sometimes difficult to me. It was especially __53__ when I saw the glowing faces of the competitors.
Lastly, I was of __54__ to my community by lending a hand to this organization. To be a part of it gave me a chance to improve my community and become __55__ with the people living in this area.
As Winston Churchill once said, “We make a living by what we do, but we make a(n) __56__ by what we give.” The importance of __57__ should be stressed throughout your life. __58__, through the many opportunities my community has offered I was privileged to be __59__ in this exciting and important event in these competitors’ lives. I hope to be a(n) __60__ again at this event in years to come.
41. A. purpose B. attention C. meaning D. regulation
42. A. learning B. acting C. exercise D. leadership
43. A. pile up B. line up C. put up D. fill up
44. A. informed B. awarded C. taught D. compared
45. A. positioned B. preserved C. presented D. predicted
46. A. full B. ignorant C. aware D. convinced
47. A. because B. if C. so D. though
48. A. technique B. imagination C. figure D. character
49. A. reminded B. impressed C. blamed D. concerned
50. A. various B. controversial C. changeable D. positive
51. A. educate B. gather C. meet D. recommend
52. A. safety B. comfort C. time D. development
53. A. rewarding B. outstanding C. interesting D. relaxing
54. A. wisdom B. courage C. service D. encouragement
55. A. crowded B. combined C. supplied D. acquainted
56. A. exception B. way C. life D. analysis
57. A. evaluating B. volunteering C. traveling D. allocating
58. A. Strangely B. Generally C. Specially D. Fortunately
59. A. involved B. committed C. devoted D. caught
60. A. trainer B. assistant C. judge D. announcer
第 II 卷
Young sunflowers face the sun as it rises in the east and follow it across the sky until it sets in the west. Why does this happen? A team of scientists has finally been able to figure __61__ how and why young sunflowers move.
Older sunflowers always face east. However, as it __62__(turn) out, an internal(内部的)clock helps young sunflowers track the sun so that they can grow better. US biologist Stacey Harmer and her colleagues had it __63__ (explain) in a recent paper published in the journal Science on Aug. 5.
__64__ (depend) on the time of day, certain growth genes seem to work to different degrees on different __65__ (side) of young sunflowers’ stems(茎). The east side of their stems grows faster during __66__ day, causing the stems to __67__ (gradual) bend from east to west. The west side grows faster at night, preparing them for the next morning.
All this move is highly __68__ (benefit) to sunflowers. The team found that flowers kept away from the sun had leaves __69__ were 10 percent smaller on average. According to Harmer, sunflowers which __70__ (face) with the sun receive more bees and other insects because they like warm flowers.
I am the shared bike. I’d like to be on the street to serve for people. They can ride me just via a mobile app. But horrible things happen a few days ago. Several people stole some of us with paying their bills on the app but treated us badly. They broke my saddle and even threw my friends everywhere. We felt angry for which those bad guys had done. Thanks to some kindly people, we received careful “treatment”. Now, you help as well as the whole society’s attention is what we need most. We are designed to help people who are stuck the heavy traffic. We are neither toy nor private vehicles. Please obey the basic rules.
I feel delighted to learn that you are coming to study in our city as an exchange student.