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高三英语摸底考试试题附答案(2)

2019-10-16 11:43:38|宇晴

  C

  Among my peers, the most common reasons to sit in front are: poor vision, poor hearing, and harder to fall asleep (my main reason).

  That’s about it. I’ve sat in the back and I’ve sat in the front, and I’ve seen no difference in how professors treat me. In fact, I sat in the front of my math class and still fell asleep a lot. I went to office hours for that class regularly and asked the professor if it bothered him and he said he understood completely. I put in the work outside the classroom and performed well on exams, and that’s what ends up on the transcript (成绩单).

  From my experience, going to office hours regularly, emailing questions that may be beyond the scope of class just out of your own curiosity, and reading ahead of time so you can ask good relevant questions are the best ways to give a professor a good impression. Where I’ve sat in the classroom hasn’t noticeably affected a professor’s opinion of me in the slightest.

  Typically, sitting at the front indicates to me that you want to hear everything I say and want to have more one-on-one questioning with me. Sitting in the middle suggests that you want to fit in, and will be better at group work. Sitting in the back usually means that you want to play with your phone. The people in the front seats will often get the highest grades, dropping as the rows go back. Yes, of course, this is a tendency and not a law, and there are exceptions. But I must point out that for some older professors, they actually can’t see the people in the back well.

  I have not noticed where to sit has any effect on attentiveness, participation and respectful behavior. I have noticed though, that students who sit in the back row are almost always disrespectful and inattentive. I have not observed any correlation between achievement and seat location, even though when I was a student myself, I usually preferred to sit in the front.

  29. According to the author, the best ways to impress professors do NOT include _____.

  A. preparing for the class in advance B. asking questions through emailing

  C. going to office hours regularly D. sitting in the front in every class

  30. What does the word underlined “correlation” in paragraph 5 probably mean?

  A. Connection. B. Balance. C. Difference. D. Separation.

  31. What is the author’s opinion of students sitting in the front?

  A. They may be better at group work. B. They may want to stay awake in class.

  C. They want to play with their phones. D. Their grades are always the highest.

  32. What is the author’s purpose of writing the passage?

  A. To persuade students to sit in the front.

  B. To analyze the advantages of sitting in the back.

  C. To show the effect of seating on study results.

  D. To discuss different seat locations in the class.

  D

  With smartphones and e-readers becoming more common, some have worried that the days of paper books are numbered. But as a recent survey showed, traditional books are still popular among readers. Industry research company Nielsen found that 7 percent more paper books were sold in the UK in 2016 compared to the previous year, while sales of their digital rivals declined by 4 percent. It was the second year in a row that e-book sales have fallen, according to the report released last month.

  So what is the reason behind? Nielsen’s survey, surprisingly, found that it is young people who preferred physical books to e-reader versions. Steve Bohme, research director at Nielsen Book Research UK, explained that young people were using books as a break from their daily connections to electronic devices and social media. “We are seeing that books are a respite (缓解), particularly for young people who are so busy digitally,” he told The Guardian.

  And the story is the same in other countries. According to a study by American University linguistics professor Naomi S. Baron, 92 percent of college students preferred paper books instead of e-books. In 2010 and 2013, Baron led a team that asked more than 420 university students from the United States, Slovakia, Japan and Germany how they preferred to read. The main reasons were that when reading e-books, students find it not easy to concentrate on the contents. Some also ended up with headaches or sore eyes. In addition, print books can bring a very different reading experience. Slovakian students in particular said that they liked the smell of books when reading a hard copy. Other students said that they get a sense of accomplishment when they finish reading a paper book and they enjoy seeing it on the bookshelf.

  While e-book sales have declined, Bohme pointed out that it was still important to remember that the figures were still higher than they were five years ago in the UK. Bohme told The Guardian that e-book sales would continue to decline this year as industry confidence in traditional books increases. “If we have a couple of years of that success story, print sales will keep going up,” he said.

  33. Which is NOT the reason why students prefer paper books?

  A. The design of hard copies is more attractive.

  B. It is difficult to focus when reading e-books.

  C. Reading e-books may cause headaches and sore eyes.

  D. Finishing reading paper books brings a sense of achievement.

  34. What do we know about print books and e-books?

  A. Sales figures of e-books were higher in 2011 in the UK.

  B. More paper books have been sold than e-books in the UK recently.

  C. More than 10% students still prefer e-books according to Baron’s survey.

  D. It is possible that print sales will increase continually in the future.

  35. What is the best title for the text?

  A. Stop Reading E-books. B. Pleasure of reading.

  C. Print Coming Back. D. Success of Paper Books.

  第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  The Queen’s Guard is the name given to the soldiers responsible for guarding Buckingham Palace and St James’s Palace in London. The guard is made up of a company of soldiers, who are divided into two groups. 36 The Queen’s Guard has the name because its main purpose is to protect the Queen.

  The Queen’s Guard has become a symbol of Britain. Every summer, many tourists come to see the Guard. Tourists sometimes try to make one of the guard speak to them, or ask them questions. Please don’t.

  37

  The Queen’s Guard has their everyday uniform. 38 At a few specific times, the Guard puts on their uniform with the red jackets and bright blue trousers. The Bear — the characteristic headgear (头饰) — is always worn on the soldiers’ heads.

  39 And they are actually the original equipment from then — tended and cared for by new soldiers from year to year. The only new thing is the gun. 40 It is common for the guards to

  faint (晕倒) during longer marches while wearing it, because of its warmth.

  A. All of the uniforms worn by the Queens’ Guard can date back to the middle of the 18th century.

  B. One group is assigned to Buckingham Palace and the other group, St James’s Palace.

  C. They are under strict orders not to speak to anybody but their colleagues in arms!

  D. The Guard wears the red coat in the guard house when it’s cold or raining.

  E. The piece of equipment most feared by the guard is the Bear.

  F. It is characterized by the dark blue jackets and dark blue trousers.

  G. The guards stay on duty for two hours by turns.

  第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  In March, I experimented with cutting my work hours by 17% to see how it would affect my

  41 and well-being.

  For two weeks, 42 working from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and reading a work-related book during lunch, I worked from 9 a.m. to 5p.m. and took a half-hour lunch 43 .

  Parts of my experience were 44 — for example, I felt quite rushed during the first few days of the 45 . Other parts were less expected — like the fact that I was just as productive as before. But the most surprising finding is that I 46 spending more money.

  On a (n) 47 workday, I dine on something particular, like a peanut butter and banana sandwich, while 48 in the Business Insider Kitchen. But during the first week of the experiment, I was so excited about the 49 that I wandered happily to the local food shop and 50 a sandwich that I ate while sitting in Madison Square Park. When I left work early, and 51 when I was killing time before plans with friends later in the evening, I 52 myself with tea and magazines.

  So if you do decide to 53 your work hours, it’s probably wise to plan some 54 in advance — like visiting a 55 or a free museum that’s open during lunch or in the evenings, depending on your personality, 56 could potentially be even more meaningful than 57 at a coffee shop.

  I should decide at some 58 in the future to go back to a(n) 59 workweek because that benefits me so much, and it’s certainly 60 I’ll keep in mind.

  41. A. ability B. personality C. productivity D. nationality

  42. A. more than B. other than C. or so D. instead of

  43. A. breath B. chat C. look D. break

  44. A. believable B. predictable C. comfortable D. reasonable

  45. A. work B. step C. experiment D. progress

  46. A. ended up B. started with C. speeded up D. lived with

  47. A. terrible B. obvious C. flexible D. typical

  48. A. sitting B. sleeping C. listening D. finding

  49. A. freedom B. snack C. love D. happiness

  50. A. borrowed B. bought C. found D. made

  51. A. actually B. exactly C. especially D. quickly

  52. A. educated B. reminded C. devoted D. entertained

  53. A. take B. cut C. make D. spend

  54. A. activities B. lists C. ideas D. goals

  55. A. school B. factory C. library D. restaurant

  56. A. that B. which C. where D. what

  57. A. trying out B. putting out C. taking out D. hanging out

  58. A. aspect B. point C. direction D. entrance

  59. A. shorter B. cleverer C. easier D. longer

  60. A. everything B. nothing C. something D. anything

  第II卷

  第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  15-year-old Andrea Wright likes to joke that she’s been involved in hot air ballooning since before she was born. “My mom 61 (be) nine months pregnant with me when she helped organize the first balloon rally in Prosser, Washington,” explains Wright. That beginning and the 62 (determine) to participate in The Great Prosser Balloon Rally every year have resulted 63 the teen’s desire to get her hot air balloon pilot’s license.

  Wright was excited 64 (learn) that it’s possible for one so young to obtain a license.

  65 it’s possible, it doesn’t mean it’s easy. There are no balloon owners in the Prosser area. The

  66 (close) balloon owners are in Walla Walla, which is 136km away.

  In order to get her license, Wright will have to put in 10 hours of flying time. Her

  67 (instruct) will have to guarantee her skills, and she’ll have to pass 68 written test and take an FAA inspector on a flight.

  Marion Lee is the owner of the company Sunrise Splash, which 69 (offer) balloon rides. He is delighted at the girl’s love for ballooning. “We need more pilots and we need more women pilots,” said Lee. “I will get the girls like her 70 (do) everything just like a real pilot,” he said.

  第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上,老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文

  中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下面画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Without goals, we will lose ourselves. Just like sail without a compass, we will never reach the destination. When I was in junior high school, I hate school and had no motivation. But I got five Cs in the final exams. My head teacher had private talk with me. After hearing that I wanted to be an engineer, she told me about the ten best university for engineering and their admission rules. She also told me that I should study hard if I wanted to realize to my dream. After the conversation, I set a goal — to get into a university what ranks among the top ten for engineering. Now, I have a clearly direction and have also become interesting in school.

  Goal setting is an important part on my motivation to study. I believe I can get what I want.

  第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)

  假如你是李华,在国外旅游时不满意所住旅馆的服务,请根据以下内容向经理写一封投诉信,内容如下:

  1. 登记入住耗费时间长;

  2. 到房间时发现洗手间地面不干净;

  3. 晚餐的供应时间不合理。

  注意:

  1. 词数100左右;

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  3. 参考词汇:入住 check in。

  Dear manager,

  _____________________________________________________________________________________

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Hua

  参考答案

  听力

  1~5 BCBBA 6~10 BABCC 11~15 BAAAA 16~20 CBCAB

  阅读

  21-24 ABCC 25-28 BCDB 29-32 DABD 33-35 ADC

  七选五

  36-40 BCFAE

  完形

  41-45 CDDBC 46-50 ADAAB 51-55 CDBAC 56-60 BDBAC

  语法填空

  61. was; 62. determination; 63. in; 64. to learn; 65. While/Although/Though; 66. closest;

  67. instructor; 68. a; 69. offers; 70. to do

  改错

  sail — sailing hate — hated But — And/So

  had 后面加a university — universities realize 后面to去掉 what — that;which

  clearly — clear interesting — interested on — of

  书面表达

  Dear manager,

  My name is Li Hua, and I am a Senior 2 student from China. I am writing to you because of an unhappy stay I had in your hotel.

  The first thing that annoyed me was that I had to sit around for a long time before I could check in. Then, while checking in, the clerk said more to her colleagues than to me. When I finally got to my room, I found the floor of the washroom to be wet and dirty. Your staff dealing with the problem, I felt really upset. What's more, the time you offer dinner is not convenient. I once became hungry at about 9 pm, only to find that I couldn't find anywhere in the hotel to get food.

  I hope you can deal with these problems soon.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Hua

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